The appearance of remotely operated underwater vehicles, usually known as ROVs or drones, is giving rise to numerous changes regarding an unexplored and little known territory, the underwater world. The possibilities of this technology are leading to a revolution of which not only enterprises will take advantage, but also many professionals and private individuals of all ages.
If you don’t know yet how underwater ROVs will change the way of exploring the depths, don’t miss the 5 reasons why ROVs will revolutionise the underwater world:
ROVs reach impossible depths for human
A diver can’t usually dive to depths higher than 30 meters or reaching up to 100 m unless he has expensive equipment and is well trained. However, ROVs can reach up to several thousand meters deep. There are even companies which work in prototypes intended for exploring the most innermost ocean landscapes such as the Nereus immersion at 10902 m in the Marianas Trench.
In our case, the SIBIU can reach 300 meters deep, which allows to carry out works near coasts, reservoirs, maritime ports…
ROVs can take unique scientific samples
One of the main advantages of this technology is that it allows to incorporate all type of sensors and to customise systems according to specific needs. In this way, for instance, a group of IMIDA (Murcian Institute for Agriculture and Food Reseach) scientifics asked us to customise a SIBIU through the incorporation of depth sensors, GPS position, PH analysis, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, temperature, salinity… All this with the aim of studying in detail the Minor Sea (Murcia, Spain), which couldn’t be done before with this precision and is of special importance due to the unique features of the area.
In other cases, by means of the adding of robotics arms or other components, ROVs make it possible to take samples (sand, seaweeds, microorganisms, etc.) of never before reached areas, what makes them unique.
ROVs take high quality pictures
Given the evolution that image technologies have experienced in recent years and the fact that they can be easily incorporated to ROVs, sea beds have been able to be explored.
In this way, the oceanic trenches exploration such as the one of the New Hebrides or the one of the Marianas, both in the Pacific, have revealed what type of life exists at 7000/10000 meters deep.
But that’s not all, the possibility of watching what there is undersea is greatly appreciated in other kind of works like: searching of products and other submerged elements, analysis of sea beds (before a human immersion), military weapons detection, etc.
ROVs will democratise sea beds
Furthermore, while ROV prices have traditionally been between thousands to millions of euros, being just affordable for determined enterprises and governmental entities. There are in the market small size inspection ROVs which cost around 30000 euros whereas others such as the one sold by Nido Robotics doesn’t exceed €8000 in its most advanced version. However, a simple underwater ROV with video and image cameras, LED lights, position and depth sensors and batteries among other possibilities can cost only €1500.
Therefore, it is an accessible technology for an important part of the society, so it does not get stuck in a high professionalised area, but instead individuals, SMEs and public institutions can have one of them
ROVs don’t risk human lives
In case that the previous reasons were not enough, the great ROVs revolution is the fact that the can be driven from the surface, what avoids the inmmersion of humans and the risks associated.